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Breakthroughs in quantum computing lead to higher processing power – Emerging Technology

Quantum computing has seen recent breakthroughs in driving higher processing power that can lead to solving more complex problems.

A process known as quantum entanglement is a key factor in the processing power of quantum computers, and higher quantum entanglement states allow quantum computers to increase the complexity of their algorithms.

The IBM Quantum Hub at the University of Melbourne claims to have created the largest entanglement state of its kind in the world.

Speaking at an IBM media panel discussion, Dr Charles Hill, senior lecturer in quantum computing and technical lead at the IBM Quantum Hub at the University of Melbourne, said the partnership has made it possible the generation and verification of entanglement in quantum devices, advancing research in space.

According to Hill, entanglement is a critical difference between quantum computers and classical computers.

“If a quantum computer really wasn’t able to demonstrate entanglement, it really wouldn’t be a quantum computer, it would just be a very, very expensive, very cold, multi-million dollar calculator,” Hill explains.

“The ability to prepare these large, highly entangled states is an important benchmark. It really demonstrates the ability of a quantum device to perform real quantum mechanical calculations. “

The recent development by the Australian government of a National Quantum Strategy that includes a $ 70 million investment for a quantum commercialization center, as well as the declaration of cooperation between the United States and the AU reveal the huge perceived impacts of quantum computing, with the industry set to grow to at least $ 86 billion by 2040.

According to Melissa Price, Minister of Science and Technology, “Australia now has an important mission to commercialize our research, especially as quantum technologies are increasingly vital for industries in key areas such as defense. and national security, as stated in the recent AUKUS agreement ”.

Dr Jay Gambetta, IBM Fellow and IBM Vice President of Quantum Computing, says research is now at the stage where it looks for ways to connect quantum information to applications.

“We are entering this new era where we can start to look at what we can do with these machines? I think they’re starting to get to the point where they go beyond what is easy to simulate on a regular computer, ”says Gambetta.

“If I had to say one thing that I hope we will achieve in the next few years, it’s when someone from a different field who hasn’t been particularly into quantum information uses it to answer a question. question. I think it will be an exciting time.